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„Wien Wien nur du allein, sollst stets die Stadt meiner Träume sein...“
In the 1st Century AD, the Romans built a military camp near the Danube on the site of Vienna's city center, affiliated with the civilian city Vindobona.
The Romans remained until the 5th Century. Even today one can recognize the walls and the streets of the camp on the streets of the 1st District (Inner City).
The city was the imperial capital and residence city of the Habsburgs for centuries and developed to a cultural and political center of Europe at this time.
The old city of Vienna, still showing evidence of the Habsburg rule, and the Schönbrunn Palace were recognized at the request of the Republic of Austria by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. St. Stephen's Cathedral, besides the Big Wheel in the Prater and many other attractions, is one of Vienna's landmarks and stands as one of the tallest buildings in the city.
Museums and collections that have world-class art were built in the city, and here there is also the oldest still existing university in the German-speaking world.
Of international importance is the Viennese music scene, which is dominated today by notable composers and musicians. The Viennese Waltz, the Vienna Boys Choir, musical events like New Year's Concert of the Vienna Philharmonic and the Vienna Opera Ball, but also the opera houses and theaters are very well known. Vienna is also regarded for its contributions to German literature and architecture.
Important trends have been or are the Viennese Classical Music, the Vienna School (music), the Second Viennese School of Music, the Vienna Circle of Philosophy, the Vienna Group of Literature or the Vienna School of Fantastic Realism in Painting.
Across Europe, the period around 1900, known as the Viennese
Modernism, takes the cultural, artistic and scientific pre-eminence of Vienna into account.
The current cultural scene in the city, with concert halls, galleries, exhibition halls, theaters, festivals and many others is very diversified. Also gastronomy shows a varied culture. Especially with the traditional Viennese Coffeehouse, the Viennese cuisine and the Viennese winegrowing.
A special feature of the Viennese culture is the Viennese Coffeehouse, in which they are serving a variety of specialty coffees and snacks - above all: cakes!
Many visitors take the opportunity to read for hours on the often abundant variety of disposed newspapers during their stay. In addition to many modern coffee bars, Italian or American style, there are many "real" Viennese coffeehouses that have preserved in supply, equipment and style the original charm of this institution. The first coffeehouse in Vienna was founded in 1685 by the Armenian Johannes Diodato.
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